Serious incident Airbus A320-251N HK-5378,
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 299534
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Date:Monday 17 October 2022
Time:19:07 UTC
Type:Silhouette image of generic A20N model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Airbus A320-251N
Owner/operator:Viva Air Colombia
Registration: HK-5378
MSN: 10570
Year of manufacture:2021
Total airframe hrs:3896 hours
Engine model:CFMI CFM LEAP-1A26
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 184
Aircraft damage: None
Category:Serious incident
Location:Monteria Airport (MTR) -   Colombia
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Cali-Alfonso Bonilla Aragón Airport (CLO/SKCL)
Destination airport:Riohacha-Almirante Padilla Airport (RCH/SKRH)
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Viva Air Colombia flight VH8332, an Airbus A320neo, reportedly made a low fuel emergency landing at Monteria Airport (MTR), Colombia.

The aircraft departed Cali Airport (CLO) at 15:45 UTC, bound for Riohacha Airport (RCH/SKRH), a flight that normally takes less than 90 minutes.
About 17:00 UTC the flight entered a holding pattern southwest of RCH due to poor weather at the airport. Visibility was limited (1000m) due to thunderstorm activity.
After holding for 30 minutes, weather had insufficiently improved and the flight crew elected to divert to Rionegro/Medellín Airport (MDE/SKRG).
At 18:19 UTC the flight entered a holding pattern southeast of MDE. A thunderstorm in the area of the airport caused gusting variable winds.
At 18:32 UTC, unable to land at MDE, the flight crew elected to divert to Monteria Airport (MTR).
At 18:42 UTC, the flight declared an emergency, continuing at FL210 towards MTR. Descent was initiated at 18:50 UTC and the aircraft landed safely on runway 33 at 19:07 UTC, three hours and 22 minutes after takeoff.

According to information retrieved from FDA, the flight landed with 282 kg of fuel and it had 236 kg remaining when engines were shut down.

The investigation determined that the incident occurred due to the following probable causes:
• Dynamic development of adverse weather conditions that led to the closure of the destination airport (SKRH) and the closure of the selected alternate airport (SKRG).

As contributing factors, the following were identified:
• Lack of more up-to-date information in the meteorological information sources that provided a detailed analysis of the real-time convective evolution.
• Dynamic development of adverse weather conditions that affected other airports near the flight, which could have been considered as possible alternate airports for Flight 8332.
• Challenges faced in making immediate decisions by the crew and Dispatch. The ACARS communication system experienced intermittent communication issues between the crew and the company's operations base; messages transmitted in both directions were perplexingly delayed in the system and were not received promptly.

Metar Weather reports:

Riohacha Airport (RCH/SKRH):
SKRH 171600Z 03008KT 320V050 9999 SCT015TCU 30/25 Q1010 RMK VCSH/N A2983
SKRH 171700Z 11010KT 1000 TSRA BKN012CB 27/25 Q1009 RMK A2982
SKRH 171800Z 09012KT 3000 TSRA SCT012CB OVC020 24/24 Q1009 RMK CB/E A2981

Rionegro/Medellín Airport (MDE/SKRG ):
SKRG 171700Z 16010KT 9999 VCSH SCT018TCU SCT090 21/12 Q1024 TEMPO FM1830 DZ SCT015CB RMK TCU VCSH/SE/NW A3025
SKRG 171814Z 23011G22KT 200V270 9999 3000S -TSRA SCT015CB BKN080 17/15 Q1023 BECMG FM1900 DZ SCT015CB RMK CB/S/W A3021
SKRG 171900Z 32010KT 4000 -TSRA BKN015CB BKN070 13/12 Q1023 RETSRAGS BECMG FM1915 9999 NSW SCT015CB RMK A3021

Monteria Airport (MTR):
SKMR 171800Z 23004KT 190V260 9999 BKN022 31/24 Q1009 RMK A2980
SKMR 171900Z 30007KT 9999 SCT022 BKN120 31/25 Q1007 RMK A2976
SKMR 172000Z 31010KT 9999 FEW022 BKN120 29/24 Q1007 RMK A2975

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: Aerocivil
Report number: COL-22-72-DIACC
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 11 months
Download report: Final report



Revision history:

20-Oct-2022 17:03 harro Added
20-Oct-2022 17:06 harro Updated [Photo]
28-Oct-2022 18:49 harro Updated [Source, Narrative]
01-Oct-2023 08:17 harro Updated [[Source, Narrative]]

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